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Wednesday, 26 September 2012

THE VEDIC CONNECTION - MAYAN HANUMAN?

Artifacts from ancient Mayan ruins reveal that even far off Latin America was influenced by the Indian Vedic culture. In Honduras, is an archaeological site by the name of Copan, a temple site in ruins.  But hidden in the ruins are many clues which authenticate what is stated in some of the verses in the Ramayana. 

In the Valmiki Ramayana is the description of a route, which starts from the eastern coast of India, and after crossing five oceans, brings the traveller to Udaya Adri. There the Ramayan states is a settlement of vanaras. This city is known to Sugreeva, the commander-in-chief of the vanaras, and in a conversation with Sri Rama, Sugreeva assures the god-king Rama, that in their world-wide search for the abducted Sita, he would contact and recruit vanaras who dwell in that part of the world, who would scour for Sita in the mountains of Udaya Giri.

The Mayan Howler Monkey God
Copan, Hondurus, South America. His stance and the mace in his hand is remarkably close to the Hindu Monkey God Hanuman.


Whether Copan is the site where the vanaras resided in Ramayanic times is of course unknown. That they did reside somewhere close to the Andes is known from the Ramayana. The name Copan is a cognate of the Sanskrit 'kapi' (कपि) which means 'vanara' or 'monkey', and perhaps derives its name from the Sanskrit 'kapi'. However the name Copan has been in use in current times only since 1576. Perhaps the name is much more ancient and has been present in the native folklore and was brought back into prominence in the 1570s.

There is also another site in Honduras which fits the description of the existence of a city of vanaras. It now goes by the name 'La Ciudad Blanca' and is located in eastern Honduras in the La Moskitia or La Mosquitia area. Its exact location has been kept a secret, though it is known that it is near the Twas and Sikre rivers. The site is known to the Honduras Army and also to a team of National Geographic explorers.  As for Indians who have read the Valmiki Ramayana, no information about any of these Mayan sites comes as a surprise. More about this site in a later post.

Another interesting fact that adds to the vanara lore is the existence of the 'Kaiapo' - a powerful and well-known Brazilian tribe - who lives in villages along the Xingu River across the Central Brazilian Plateau. The Kaiapo call themselves Mebengokre, meaning 'the men from the water place'. The name Kaiapo was given to them by the neighbouring native tribes, and means 'resembling apes' and was  given to them because their men used to dance with monkey masks on festivals and special occasions in honour of their gods and ancestors. It is interesting that 'kaipo' is a cognate of the Sanskrit 'kapi' (कपि) which means 'monkey' - in fact the etymological source of the English 'ape' is unknown and is sometimes attributed to the Sanskrit 'kapi'.  This is another clue that authenticates the information contained in Ramayana about settlements of vanaras stationed around Udaya Adri, which is an obvious reference to the Andes.

Kaiapo Tribesmen from Brazilian Plateau


Hanuman - The Vedic Monkey God.
India

Another name by which this site was known is Oxwitik, where the meaning of the word witik is unknown. Ox is said to mean three. However since there is another Mayan site by the name Yaxachilan, it may be assumed that perhaps the word that has been decoded as Oxwitik should read Yakshhavitik (यक्षवित्त).  That makes Copan a site, not only of vanaras but also of Yakhshas. Yakshahs are guardians of property and do not make use of the property themselves. Various Sanskrit texts mention the kinship between the 'vanars' and the 'yakshas, the rakshasas and the kinnaras. Perhaps the Mayan sites were the residence of these exotic tribes of the ancient Hindu texts. Kubera was the lord of the Yaskshas and in the Ramayanic times Kubera is said to have brought many yakshas and rakshas to Meso-America.

2 comments:

  1. The first sculpture your site depicts is from the Maya ruins of Copan in Honduras.

    Maya scholars David Freidel and the late Linda Schele (page 410) write that when the image of the Monkey God, known as God C, and meaning "divinity," is merged with another object it marks the image as "holy."
    In Maya religion the monkey represents the first of the Nine Lords of the Night or Underworld. Called the Bolon Ti Ku, these gods were responsible for guiding the Sun (identified as an underworld jaguar), into the underworld to be sacrificed by underworld decapitation and reborn and deified as the new Sun, baby jaguar. The first god associated with re-birth was the Monkey (GI) and Quetzalcoatl (G9) was the last associated with death and completion. The word K'uh in Classic Mayan glyphs was assigned to the monkey god and in glyphs his monkey profile was used to describe "holy" or "sacred," referring to "divinity" or "god" (M.D. Coe 2001, p.109).

    According to the Five Suns cosmogonic accounts as interpreted by Maya scholars Mary Miller and Karl Taube (1993; p.118), Quetzalcoatl in his guise as Ehecatl (the Wind God) presided over the second sun, ehecatonatiuh, the sun of wind, until it was destroyed by great winds (Note ik glyph meaning wind and spirit on scepter). The survivors of that era were turned into monkeys and Quetzalcoatl was their ruler, Finally, Susan Milbrath writes in her book on Mesoamerican archaeoastronomy entitled, Star Gods of the Maya (1999,p. 256 ), that an analysis of the Dresden Codex identifies the monkey, itself, as also related to Venus as the Morning Star.

    Quoting Ethno-archaeologist Dr. Robert Heine Geldern...

    "The influences of the Hindu-Buddhist culture of southeast Asia in Mexico and particularly, among the Maya, are incredibly strong, and they have already disturbed some Americanists who don't like to see them but cannot deny them....Ships that could cross the Indian Ocean were able to cross the Pacific too. Moreover, these ships were really larger and probably more sea-worthy than those of Columbus and Magellan."

    At some time during the Preclassic period around 1000 B.C. (de Borhegyi S.F. 1957, 1961, 1965a) a mushroom inspired religion originated or was introduced into the Olmec influenced Maya Highlands and Pacific coastal area of Guatemala. My belief is that the cult of the divine mushroom was brought to Mesoamerica by way of transpacific contact from India or southeast Asia. The Amanita muscaria mushroom, identified by the late R. Gordon Wasson as the plant and god Soma from the Rig Veda, is I believe the metaphorical key to decoding the esoteric religions of the Americas and of Easter Island.
    My online research study presents visual evidence of a divine Amanita mushroom cult in the New World, before the arrival of Columbus points directly to the Vedic inspired cult of Soma, a divine mushroom worshiped and venerated in the Vedas, which became the basic sacred literature of Hinduism. There composition may have started before 2000 B.C. even before the Aryans entered India (Wing-Tsit Chan,1969, p.13). The Amanita muscaria mushroom, or the Vedic Soma religion likely absorbed or superseded the minor religious beliefs it encountered in the New World including Easter Island, and that the mushroom's esoteric metaphors of death and rebirth may help explain the obsessive need to create megalithic stone sculptures.

    The great religions of Asia in essence, are fundamentally derived from Vedism, the Vedas being the sacred texts, that were introduced into the subcontinent (invasion from Iran?) around 1500 B.C. by the Aryans (Sanskrit for noble) a so-called invasion that postdated the Harappa/Indus civilization.

    Haoma, in Zoroastrian religion is the name of a sacred plant and divinity that plays a major role in Persian culture and mythology.
    For more on Soma In the Americas visit, (http://www.mushroomstone.com/somaintheamericasii.htm)

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  2. @ Carl de Borhegyi.... Here I want to correct some points.

    1. Now days Aryan Invasion theory proved to be false. Aryans never invaded India. They are the original son of the soil. This wrong theory was put by Britishers to divide Indians among Aryans and Dravidians. The Arya word was used for noble persons.

    2. As per Aryan Invasion Theory, Vedas belongs to Aryans and it was written around 500-1000 BC. Vedas describes River SARASWATI many times. As per this theory this was mythological river. But satallite images has discovered its river bed. It is a proven scientific fact that this river dried around 2500BC. How Aryans can write about a river which dried more than thousand years back before their arrival.

    3. In 2001 the submerged city DWARKA was found and it is described in Mahabharata (Aryan text). Earlier Britishers called it mythology. Archeological evidences found from this submerged city is dated back up to 32000 years old. It means Aryan city DWARKA found in western coast of India is very old. And Aryans were in India at least long before 32000 years ago.

    You can verify the facts.

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