| Jedidiah Morse listed the name 'Sangama' in|
'The New London Universal Gazetteer,
Or Alphabetical Geography of the World' (1826)
Historiographer to the British crown, James Playfair (1738-1819), had in the year 1814 detailed the geography of the rivers of Nigeria in the Sixth Volume of 'System of Geography - Ancient and Modern'. About the geography of Sierra Leone western coast and what was then called Cape Formosa he wrote, "From the mouth of the Forcado river, a flat and wooded coast reaches southwards upward of 50 leagues to Cape Formosa. It is intersected by many rivers the principal of which are Ramos, or Zamos, and Dodo. Cape Formosa is a low point of land shaded with trees, the view of which from the sea is delightful. A few leagues northward are the village and river of Sangama."
In the satellite pictures of today, Sangama appears as Sengama and is situated on a river by the same name in Sierra Leone, close to Grand Cape Mount in Liberia.
|Sengama town on Sengama River in Sierra Leone|
as it falls into the Atlantic.
|Sangama town in Nigeria|
Sangama is located in the Rivers State, one of the 36 states of Nigeria. The state has innumerable rivers, which fall into the Atlantic Ocean. The name Sangama has no meaning in the local languages. Its closest cognate is 'sangam' (सङ्गम्), a Sanskrit word meaning 'meeting' especially in the context of 'meeting of rivers'.
A 1000 km away on the northern end of Nigeria is the city of Gaya - historically it served as an important terminus of a migratory corridor through which there was an influx of immigrating peoples especially from Eastern Sudan and the Middle East.
|Gaya (left) on the River Niger in the country by the same name, and|
900 km away Gaya in Nigeria.
|Kanika, Yamina, Gangu, Calimana|
Scottish Explorer Mungo Park's map of survey of River Niger
(Exploration in the years 1795 - 1805)
1. Atlantic Navigator (1854) By Anonym Anonym
2. The New London University Gazeetteer by Jediadiah Morse
3. System of Geography: Ancient and Modern by James Playfair