In the Vedic tradition 'pinda' (पिण्ड) is a very meaningful word. It often appears in mantras and sutras. For example the Upanashid says 'yatha pindi tatha bramhanda'. 'As is the body so is the universe', or the body is a smaller version of the entire universe.
In Sanskrit, 'pinda' is the 'body', it is the body as the reflection of the 'world'. It is the body as the mirror of the whole universe.The significance of the term Pinda according to Upanasids is 'an organised whole, a unity of diversities'. Pindarama is 'Rama's Universe' or 'Rama as someone who is the universe'.
In the Krittivasi Ramayana, Ahiravan (Ahiravan or Mahiravan), brother of Ravana, was a rakshasa who secretly carried away Rama and his brother Lakshmana to the nether-world, consulted his friends and decided to sacrifice the life of the two divine brothers at the altar of his chosen deity, goddess Mahamaya. But Hanuman saved their life by killing Ahiravan and his army.The nether-world or 'patala' is often identified as the South American land-mass.
In the Valmiki Ramayana, after the abduction of Sita, Sugreeva - the 'vanara' commander, orders his chiefs to 'go round the earth and fetch all the monkey champions on earth'. The chiefs go to various mountains, rivers, oceans, and forests and motivate all monkeys to reach Sugreeva at once'. Valmiki Ramayana, Kishkinda Kand, Chapter 37).
Once the 'vanaras' assimilate, Sugreeva gives detailed instructions about the route that each of the search parties is to take in search of the abducted Sita. The route-map is so detailed, and mentions mountains and rivers, seas and oceans and the travel time involved, that it is absurd to deduct that Sugreeva was only detailing regions within India or had no knowledge of the world beyondpresent day India. Refer to Chapters 37, 40, 41, 42 and 43 of the Kishkinda Kand. That they reached Peru is substantiated by the mention of the ancient Paracas Trident of Peru in the Ramayana. For more on this click here.
Archaeology and ancient reliefs indicate that Ramayana, Sri Rama, Hanuman, Goddess Sita etc. were not unknown in Brazil, Honduras, Peru, Bolivia, Guatemala and Mexico.
There is archaeological support to the fact that Hanuman was not unknown in that part of the world.
|An ancient sculpture of the 'Howler Monkey God'|
of Copan, Honduros is linked to the Vedic Hanuman
The ancient name of Brazil, that is Pindorama, is also related to an ancient tribe of Brazil by the name 'RamaRama'. The RamaRama were a Tupi speaking group of considerable size living in the Brazilian Amazonian area in a place called Rondonia. When the Spanish rubber-collector's poured into Rondonia in 1880s they brought death and disease to the tribe so that it is now extinct as a culture.
Ancient civilizations such as the Maori's of New Zealand also had a tribe by the name RamaRama. There is a place by the name RamaRama in New Zealand which is 40 km away from the city of Auckland.
Researching the path of ancient sea-farers from India, Frank Joseph states in his book 'Archaeological Discoveries of Ancient America', "A general population spread, from India into Pacific and beyond the shores of South America, may begin with native Maori oral history in New Zealand. Folk tradition recounts that 161 generations ago (approximately 1500 BC), Maori ancestors migrated en-masse from a hot country called Iriha in the wake of war.... The Maoris' ancient 'Iriha' is an obvious variation of Vrihia, an ancient name for India...".
Joseph adds, "...archaeological digs throughout the Pacific suggest the Vedic mariners colonized areas as far eastward as Samoa and Tonga including Fiji.. and further on...".
Joseph also states that the names Kuru and Pandava finds its way into Peruvian ancient books as Urus and Puruha and is remembered by Peru's Ayamara tribes. The mixed descendants of some Urus still live on floating reed beds at Lake Titicaca in Bolivia. Recently archaeologists have discovered huge amounts of gold artifacts in the lake Titicaca region which are at the least 4000 years old, indicating that civilization was not unknown in this part of the world in antiquity.
Not far from Lake Titicaca the Incan's celebrated the Inti Rayami festival (also called Rama-Sitva) which researchers have linked with the celebration of the winter Solstice. Sir William Jones (1744 - 1794) stated in his papers published by the the Asiatic Society that the Incan festival 'Rama-Sitva' celebrated on the Winter Solstice Day gets its name from the Hindu God King, Sri Rama and his wife, Goddess Sita. The Winter Solstice Day is celebrated in June in Peru. (Peru lies in the southern Hemisphere and the winter solstice day falls in June).
But now, back to Brazil. In his book, Mysteries of Ancient South America, author Harold T. Wilkins writes about the findings of an expedition in the 1920s lead by Colonel P.H. Fawcett into the woods of the Brazilian Amazon where he chanced upon an ancient city and some rock inscriptions, about which Wilkins says, "... those strange writings are something more remarkable... they are of an esoteric Hindu cult." (page 63).
Writing about the inscriptions, he further adds," I have myself discovered some queer links between these strange letters of old Brazil, and characters found in Tibet and Vedic Hindostan". (Page 118).
For example the inscriptions on the Inga stone of Brazil have been compared to RongoRongo (the ancient script of Easter island located in the South Pacific ocean) which itself bears a close resemblance to the Indus Valley script.
|Ancient Brazilian inscriptions|
|Another view of ancient Brazilian inscriptions|
In 1932, Wilhelm de Hevesy was the first academic to suggest a link between Rongorongo and the Indus script of the Indus Valley Civilization in India, claiming that as many as forty Rongorongo symbols had a correlating symbol in the Indus valley script from India.
|The Inga Stone Inscription of Brazil|
is similar to the RongoRongo- the ancient script
of Easter Island (Pascoa) which is similar to Indus valley Script.
See table below.
|A comparison of Easter Island Script (column II, IV, VI...)|
and that of Indus Valley (columns I,III, V...) show
that they are identical.
1. South American Tribes
2. Folk Etymology
3.Vedic Origins of Greek God 'Pan'
4. Easter island and Indus valley Script
5. Mysteries of Ancient South America
6. Lost Civilizations of the Andes