1. Gaurapari, Brazil
2. Ramsar, Iran
3. Paralana, Arkarula in Australia
The names are fascinating to say the least if one were to look at them through the Sanskrit lens.
1. Gaurapari (Brazil): In Sanskrit 'gaura' (गौर) means 'shining' or 'splendid'. 'Pari' (परि) means 'abundant'. Put together GauraPari means 'Abundantly Splendid'. Another cognate of GauraPari is the Sanskrit 'GhoraPara' - 'ghora' (घोर) means 'terrible' and 'para' (पर) means that which is 'across' or 'cut off'. GhauraPara would therefore mean 'that terrible area which is cut off' or that which should not be approached. The coastal mountains around Gaurapari are rich in Monazite (a phosphate of uranium and thorium) and the pounding waves around the mountains wash the rare elements into the water. Even so, people have been residing in Gaurapari from time immemorial, and surprisingly or not, show a relatively lower rate of lung cancer.
'Ramsar' springs are located in the Mazandaran province of Iran. The ancient name of Mazandaran was the Sanskrit derived 'Verkana', meaning Wolfland - Vrka means Wolf in Sanskrit. Verkana once had a huge population of wolves. There are other places in Iran, such as 'Babolsar' which have the Sanskrit 'Sara' as a suffix. Yet another place is Iran goes by the name 'Sari' . 'SarI' (सरी) is Sanskrit for 'cascade' and Sari सरि means 'waterfall'.
Many place names in India have 'sara' as a 'suffix' such as Amritsar, Thanesar, Manesar etc. The thermal springs of Ramsar in Iran have been used for therapy since ancient times .
3. Paralana, Arkarula (Australia) is even more fascinating. In Sanskrit 'pariluna' (परिलून) means 'cut-off' or 'severed'. 'Arka' (अर्क) means 'sun' or 'fire'. The name 'arka' appears in the sun temples of India like 'Konarka'. 'Kula' (कूल) means 'pond' or 'pool'.
Legend says that Arkarula was named after a monster named 'Arkaroo'. In Sanskrit 'Arkaripu' (अर्करिपु) means 'enemy of the sun' and is another name of 'Rahu', the shadowy planet. In Vedic astrology, Rahu (North Node) is one of the two points were the Moon crosses the ecliptic, the other being Ketu (South Node) - thus resulting in eclipses. Rahu is therefore depicted as a 'demon' in Vedic astrology.
The hot springs of Arkarula are heated up to 62 degrees centigrade by radioactive decay and are a popular destination for visitors!
The most naturally radioactive place in the world.
Gaura means 'shining' in Sanskrit.
|Ramsar, in Mazandaran, Iran|
The ancient name of Mazandaran was 'Verkana'
derived from the Sanskrit 'Vrka' meaning Wolf.
|Arkarula in Australia is|
known for its waterholes naturally
heated by radioactive decay.
'Arka' means 'sun' in Sanskrit.