Friday, 24 July 2015


Corn God, Copan, Hondurus, South America.
Notice the Vedic hand position

Stela at Copan, Honduras, South America
Figure & caption courtesy:
University of California, Riverside website

Elephant Pillars in Copan Temple, Honduras,
bear a resemblance to the elephant-pillars of India.

The Howler Monkey God
at the Copan Temple, Hondurus
bears a close resemblance
to the Hindu Hanuman.

Saturday, 18 July 2015


In his book, Mysteries of Ancient South America, author Harold T. Wilkins writes about the findings of an expedition in the 1920s lead by Colonel P.H. Fawcett into the woods of the Brazilian Amazon where he chanced upon an ancient city and some rock inscriptions, about which Wilkins says, "... those strange writings are something more remarkable... they are of an esoteric Hindu cult." (page 63).

Writing about the inscriptions, he further adds," I have myself discovered some queer links between these strange letters of old Brazil, and characters found in Tibet and Vedic Hindostan". (Page 118).

Brazil which has no apparent link to Vedic India holds many a clues to its Vedic past in its ancient place and river names. First Brazil was once known as Pindorama and though it is said that 'Pindorama' translates as 'Land of Palms', Sri Rama was not unknown in this part of the world. Also, the Brazilian Amazon is home to several tribes which seem to have a link to India.

There is an ancient tribe of Brazil by the name 'RamaRama'. The RamaRama were a Tupi speaking group of considerable size living in the Brazilian Amazonian area in a place called Rondonia who inhabited the banks of the Machadinho and Ahara river. The Amazon was itself known as the 'Maranon' in ancient times. In Sanskrit marmahan (मर्महन्) is the equivalent of 'striking the vitals', 'mardana' (मर्दन) is 'tormenting', and both the names describe the temperament of the river well. RamaRama is also the name of a Tupian language.

Then there is the 'Kaiapo' - a powerful and well-known Brazilian tribe who lives in villages along the Xingu River across the Central Brazilian Plateau. The Kaiapo call themselves Mebengokre, meaning 'the men from the water place'. The name Kaiapo was given to them by the neighbouring native tribes, which means 'resembling apes' and was probably given because the men used to dance with monkey masks. It is interesting that 'kaipo' is a cognate of the Sanskrit 'kapi' (कपि) which means 'monkey' - in fact the etymological source of the English 'ape' is unknown and is sometimes attributed to the Sanskrit 'kapi'. 

Kaiapo Tribals of Brazil. They wore
masks to look like monkeys -
in tribute to monkey gods.

Hanuman in a slightly different form was also known in South America. The famous Monkey God Sculpture of Copan and the legend of Monkey God worship in the city of Ciudad Blanca in Hondurus, is well known. Click here and here for more. 

The Howler Monkey God Sculture
Copan, Hondurus

The etymological source of the name 'Xingu' is largely unknown though it is conjectured that 'Xingu' may derive from the name given to it by a tribe named Asurini who called the river 'Yh Uu' meaning 'Great Water'. The fact remains that the tribe name 'Asurini' itself is Sanskrit. The name 'Xingu' is just one syllable away from the name 'Sindhu'. Sindhu is one of the most important rivers of India, and though Sindhu is a pronoun, it is also a generic word for 'river'. The Asurini 'Yh Uu' is probably a distorted form of 'sindhu'. The Asurini language belongs to the Tupian group of languages and the most widely spoken language of this group, the Tupi-Guarani is close to Sanskrit.

Many of the tributaries of the Amazon also bear Sanskrit names. The Jara and the Javary seem to be related to the Sanskrit 'jhara' (झर ) meaning 'water-body' or 'water-fall, also 'Jhari' (झरी) is 'river';  these words also  appear in the names of major rivers around the world such as the Jordon and the Niger' etc.. 

Then there are the 'Paru', 'Para' and 'Purus' rivers. 'Paru' (परु) is 'sun' or 'heaven', 'Para' (पर) is 'greatest' or as a direction it means 'across', and 'Purus' (पुरस्) is the equivalent of  'in front' or 'ahead'. 

Other river names include the Uchayali. 'Uchayali' is probably linked to the Sanskrit 'ucchala' (उच्चल), i.e, 'spring forth'. Then there is the Apurimac. 'Apu' (आपू) means 'to flow forward after purification'. 'Apurima' (आपूरिमा) would covert the verb 'Apu' into a noun or pronoun of feminine gender, which aptly describes a river.

Even if the word Apurimac is split into two words 'Apu' (आपू) and 'Ramac' (रमक) as has been done for the Quechua decode, it still makes perfect sense in Sanskrit. 'Apu' (आपू) as mentioned above means 'to flow forward after purification', and, 'ramak' (रमक) means 'sporting, dallying, toying amorously' - again an apt description for a flowing river.

Suggested Links:

1. The Indians of Central and South America: An Ethnohistorical Dictionary
2. From Kyper Pass to Gran Quivira

Wednesday, 8 July 2015


The city of Lima is the capital and the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillon, Rimac and Lurin rivers, in the central coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. According to early Spanish chronicles the Lima area was once called Itchyma, after its original inhabitants. However, earlier than that there existed a famous oracle in the Rimac valley which was mispronounced as Limaq by the Spanish visitors. Limaq just happens to mean 'talker' in Quechua and today the name Rimac is also wrongly believed to mean 'talker'.

But where then did the ancient name 'Rimac' or 'Rimak' appear from. In his book 'The Lost Realms'  Zecharia Sitchin states, "The Rimac region was a focal point in antiquity as it is nowadays. It was there, just south of Lima, that the largest temple to a Peruvian deity had stood... It was dedicated to Pacha Camac meaning 'Creator of the World'.... Pilgrims came to it from far and near. The central figure ... was always that of a deity holding a wand in one hand and a thunderbolt in the other and wearing a horned or a rayed crown.. the Indians called him Rimac.... His name meant 'The Thunderer" and thus in meaning and phonetically is akin to the nickname 'Raman' by which Adad was known to the Semitic peoples...". 

However there are other clues that point to the fact that the name Raman may have other sources. One pointer lies in the name of most important Incan festival - 'Rama-Sitva' which in all probability predates the appearance of the Incan themselves. Sir William Jones (1744 - 1794) stated in his papers published by the the Asiatic Society that the Incan festival 'Rama-Sitva' celebrated on the Winter Solstice Day gets its name from the Hindu God King, Sri Rama and his wife, Goddess Sita. 

In his book 'India in Greece' Edward Pococke has quoted Sir William Jones thus, "Rama is represented as a descendant from the sun, as the husband of Sita, and the son of a princess named Causelya. It is very remarkable that Peruvians, whose Incas boasted of the same descent, styled their greatest festival Rama-Sitva; whence we may take it that South America was peopled by the same race who imported into the farthest of parts of Asia the rites and the fabulous history of Rama."

The 'Rama' of the 'Rama- Sitva' festival had to be Sri Rama, and no one else. In Peruvian mythology there seems to be a confusion between Rimac or Raman and Viracocha - for both these Peruvian deities are represented as 'bearers of a thunderbolt'. In Hindu texts it is Indra who bears the thunderbolt or the vajra, and Sri Rama is an entirely different entity - albeit an avatara of Indra.

The River Rimac originates in Lake Titicaca.
Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world.

The River Rimac originates in lake Titicaca located on the borders of Peru and Bolivia. About the name Titicaca, Gene Matlock has this to say," There is evidence that Titicaca was once a saltwater sea. Its shoreline is littered with millions of fossilized seashells. The marine fishes and seahorses in the lake are all oceanic types found only in salt water.

"Researchers are convinced that these 3 miles high ruins once lay at sea level. Therefore, an incredibly devastating earthquake could have torn the city asunder, lifting Tiwanaku and the lake to where they are now. How can this be proven? The answer lies in the name of Lake Titicaca itself-linguistic proof no one can deny and in two of the most ancient languages in the world: Sanskrit and Tamil. The word Titicaca has no meaning any of the Andean languages.

"In Sanskrit, the word GaGga, (GAHG-gah) means "river," but not just any river. It means a river as sacred as or related to the Ganges.

In Tamil, it is KaGkai (KAHG-ky), meaning the same as the above.

In Sanskrit, Diti was the wife of the god Kasyapa (sea tortoise). Titi is the Tamil equivalent. Therefore, Titikagkai=Ditigagga=Titicaca."

The name Rama also appears in the ancient name of Brazil - which was known as Pindo-Rama in antiquity and though it is said that Pindo-Rama translates as 'Land of Palms' from Tupi, an ancient American-Indian language, there is much evidence that indicates that Sri Rama, the God-King of Ayodhya was worshipped in that part of the world. In short, the the Paracas Trident of Peru, the sculpture of the Howler Monkey God in Hondurus, the Piedras Nigres sculpture in Guatemala and ancient Brazilian inscriptions all point towards a connect with Vedic India and with the lore of Sri Rama. For more on this subject click here. 

The natives believe that the Pachacamac temple was constructed by a race of giants that once inhabited the earth. Here is one of the panels depicting a giant who like Ganesha may be described as 'maha-kaya' or 'large-bodied. Notice the mouse as the vehicle in this panel from South America. The 'mushaka' was also Sri Ganesha's vehicle.

On an ancient Incan panel you find a central figure,considerably larger
than the other two figures, seated on a 'mushaka' or mouse. I
s that Sri Ganesha? He was known as 'Mahakaya' (महाकाय)
on account his being 'large bodied'. And his vehicle was a 'mouse.
From dated 19th March, 2014

Then there are ancient Ganesha-like artifacts from the Incan and Aztec cultures of South America.

Ancient Ganesha-like artifacts from South America.

The name Rama apperas in other parts of South America. There is a river by the name of Rama which flows through Nicaragua.The ancient name of Brazil, that is Pindorama, is also related to an ancient tribe of Brazil by the name 'RamaRama'. The RamaRama were a Tupi speaking group of considerable size living in the Brazilian Amazonian area in a place called Rondonia. 

As far the name Icthyma is concerned it is said that it is a distortion of the name Vichama, who was an ancient Peruvian deity. Vichama, like Pacha Camac or Raman is also the son of the Sun-God. In Peruvian myth Vichama is considered as the half-brother of Pacha Camac or Raman. Vichama may hence be a deviation of the name Lakshman

Suggested Links:
1. The Lost Realms
2. Two Sides to the Coin:A History of Gold