Monday, 28 April 2014


Delphi is an ancient archaeological site  on the south-western slope of  Mount Parnassus and has known to be in existence since 1400 BC. It is the site of the Oracles and the famous 'Omphalos'.

The 'Omphalos' at the
Oracle of Delphi in Greece

In Greek, Omfi (ομφη signifies 'divina vox', or the 'divine voice'. However, neither Greek nor even Hebrew explains the meaning of this word. The 'φη' (fi) in the word 'ομφη' (Omfi) is a paragog, that is, an addition of a sound or a syllable to the end of a word, (for example st in amongst). The sound is added to the ordinary form of a word to express additional emphasis or to just lengthen the word. The actual word, in this case remains 'Om' rather than 'Omfi'. But then again 'Om' itself has no meaning in Greek.

The Greeks often call the oracles, or places where the oracles were delivered, the ομφαλοι, οr 'Omphalos', and these places were interpreted as the 'navels of the world'. But since the Greeks did not consider Delphi, as the 'navel of the world', and also because there were many places of Oracles and 'Ompahalos', it is evident that the Greeks did not know the true meaning of the word.

The earliest name of Delphi was 'Pytho'. Click here to read about the Sanskrit connection and the origin of the name 'Pytho'. 

Regarding Delphi, Godfrey Higgins, the author of the book Anacalypsis, which was published in 1834, had this to say, " ... Delphi has the meaning of the female organ of generation, called in India 'Yoni'....I find the Oracle or Divina vox at Delphi called Omphalos, and the word Delphi means the female generative power; and in front of the temple at Delphi, in fact constituting a part of the religious edifice, was a large Phallus or Linga, anointed every day with oil. This, all taken together, shows very clearly that Omphale means the oracle of the generative (androgynous) power of Om. But it might also come from the sacred word Ομ (Om) and φαλος (falos) - the benignant Om."

The following update on this post is contributed by Vinay Vaidya

"The word 'Delphi' itself is the Sanskrit 'DeviH' that took this form with the passage of time."
He adds, "In Mathematics the 'null-set' is represented by
 φ- or 'orifice' which means a 'hole', 'mouth', or an 'aperture'. 

"The word 'yoni' is used in Vedic texts such as devi -atharvashIrSha . In this text the 'devi' tells the deva(s) "I am shunyA' and 'ashunyA". The principle of the Supreme is accepted and expressed as the 'womb' and 'mother principle'. On the other hand It is also represented by the 'phallus' that is derived from cephalus / kapAla, and atharvashIrSha talks about this as the Head of the Father principle.... Shiva is also 'kAmAri' the enemy of lust and passion at the same time". 

Friday, 25 April 2014


In Slavic mythology, Perun is the highest god of the pantheon and the god of thunder and lightning. He rides in a chariot pulled by a goat buck and carries a mighty axe, that he hurls at evil people and spirits. Perun is strongly correlated with the near-identical Pērkons from Baltic mythology. However, all the rest is conjecture.

Perun - the Slavic God of 'Thunder and Lightening'.

It has been suggested that the name Perun is a derivative of the Proto-Indo European thunder god whose original name has been reconstructed as Perkwunos. The meaning of this conjectured word Perkwunos is unknown and it is estimated that the root 'perkwu' originally probably meant 'oak', which is totally unrelated to 'Perun'. To sort that out it is said that 'perkwu' but in Proto-Slavic this evolved into per- meaning "to strike, to slay" in Proto-Slavic. But this is a long haul and too contrived.

The most obvious derivation of 'Perun' is from the Sanskrit 'Varuna' (वरुण). 'Varuna' is the Vedic God of 'Thunder and Lightening'. He is the God of the Oceans and Seas'.He is the god of all objects pertaining to water In Sanskrit the syllable 'v' () means 'wind', 'water' and 'ocean'. That explains the first syllable of the word. The second part is 'aruNa' (अरुण) and means 'ruddy', 'sun' or 'gold'. 

Varuna is mentioned in the Rig Veda - the most ancient surviving treatise of the world. Varuna, is also mentioned in the Valmiki Ramayana - as the God of the waters, who's abode are the oceans. (Yuddha Kanda, Sarga 19).

Varuna - the Vedic God of
'Lightening and Thunder, Oceans and Seas'.
Here is a Suktam from the Yajur Veda in ode of Varuna:

The motto of the Indian Navy is 'Sham No Varunah' (शं नो वरुणः), meaning 'May Varuna, the Lord of the Oceans be auspicious unto us'.

The emblem of the Indian Navy

The most ancient god of the Slavic pantheon is 'Svarog' and the root 'svar' means bright, clear, and the suffix -og denotes a place. But that too originates from the Sanskrit 'svar' (स्वर्) which means 'light' or the 'sun'. In Russian manuscripts 'Svarog' is equated with the Sun.

Suggested Links:
1. Encyclopedia of Ancient Deities

Saturday, 19 April 2014


Bibliotheca Classica, a dictionary of all the principle names and terms in literature, history, topography, geography and mythology compiled by John Lempriere, and published in 1842 by Collins and Keenes in New York says on page 91 that the ancient name of Delphi where the most famous oracle, though not the oldest in Greece was located, was 'Pythos'. It describes Delphi thus - "Delphi, more anciently Pytho, now Castri, was the largest town in Phocis, and in some respects the most remarkable in Greece." 

The Oracle of Pytho or Delphi with Mt. Parnassus in the
 background. Helena Blavatsky traced the name Parnassus to

'Parapanisus' a distortion of 'Paru' meaning 'mountain'. 'Paru' 
was the Avestan name of Hindukush range of India. The Avestan 'Paru'
is derived from Sanskrit 'paru' (परु), also meaning 'mountain'.

The Delphic oracle was established in the 8th century BC.The priestess at the temple was known as 'pythia'. In 362 CE the Oracle stated that the god would no longer speak there, although some think that the pythia (priestess) was bribed by Christians to do so. Emperor Theodosius officially closed the temple in 393 CE.

Greek sources say that the name 'Pytho' is derived from the Greek verb 'pythein', meaning 'to rot' and link it to the myth that the decomposed body of the monstrous serpent 'Python', who was slain by Apollo at this site, gave the place its name. But this description of the name 'Pytho' does the sacred site no justice. Some sources equate the names 'pytho' and 'delphi' with the Vedic 'yoni'.

The Sanskrit de-code of the name 'Pytho' sheds far more light on what the site was and its function. Within the context of its Sanskrit meaning 'Pytho' was a site of learning where the highest knowledge that existed in the world was delivered as oracles in the verse form. 

'Pytho' gets its name from the Sanskrit 'peeth' (पीठ), meaning 'seat of learning'. A link with India and Sanskrit may appear as a wanton stretch of imagination but when one finds names such as 'Dassereti', 'Parthini', 'Parthos', 'Pindus', 'Rhamnous', 'Sitia' and 'Gitanae' on the map of ancient Greece, it makes one wonder.

The ancient name of Delphi was 'Pytho'
which originates from the Sanskrit 'peeth' (पीठ)
meaning 'seat of learning'.

Centres of learning in Vedic India were known as 'peeth'. The most famous 'peeth' in India was the Sharda Peeth located in Kashmir. The earliest temple on this site belonged to an era when Kashmir was still known as 'Sharda-desh'. Sharda is another name of the Vedic 'goddess of learning 'Saraswati'. As the name reveals, Sharda Peeth was a celebrated centre of learning where the Sanskrit scholars and Kashmiri pandits imparted the Vedic knowledge to students and devotees.

His name indicates that Pythagoras, the Greek scholar, therefore was probably just a 'guru' at one of the 'pytho' or 'peeth' in Greece. The 'Pytho' of Greece shared some of the features with the Sharda Peeth of Kashmir. One of the most striking one is that both are located on water springs that emanated volcanic gases and vapours, though at a slow controlled pace. In Kashmir the gases were simply used for energy and cooking purposes by the residing scholars and devotees. In Greece at Pythos, the intoxicating effect that the slow inhalation of these gases induced, took on a supernatural interpretation - the 'pythia' or the priestess would often be in a trance like state when she addressed the attendees at the Oracles which the local population believed had a super-natural cause. But the truth is different.Click here to watch a clip by National Geographic on the effect of the vapours and the gases at Pythos (Delphi) and its interpretation in ancient times.

Old Greek sources record that the oracle verse recitation by the 'pythia often sounded as gibberish to most and later was converted to a prose form. Others say that the recitations of the 'pythia' were perfectly intelligible.  It may well have been that the early chants or recitations were Vedic at a time when they were still understood and with time as persecution of paganism began and the meaning of the original chants began to fade from memory, the verses were simplifies and given a prose form.

The ruins of the Sharda Peeth on the
River Kishenganga in Kashmir.
The 'Peeth' was a famous centre of learning
in ancient India.

The Sharda 'Peeth' in Kashmir, like the 'Pytho'
in Greece was located on a spring emanating
gases and vapour.

The temple at Pythos was also the site of the 'Omphalos' that the Greek's believed denoted the 'navel of the world'.

The 'Om-Phalos' of Pythos bears a close 
resemblance to the 'Shiva lingas' of India.
The name 'Om-Phalos' is reminder of 
Om-kaar, another name of Lord Shiva

A copy of the ancient 'Omphalos' which was once placed inside the Temple of Apollo at Pythos in Greece is now displayed at the Museum of Delphi.

The Om-Phalos of Temple of Apollo.
Now displayed at the Delphi Museum
As an aside, here is a look at the etymology of the word 'oracle'. 'Oracle' derives from 'orator' meaning 'one who pleads or argues for a cause'  from Latin 'orare' said to originate from PIE root 'or' which means 'to pronounce a ritual formula'. But then PIE is an engineered language which never existed, so for the earliest known source of 'orare' one must turn to the  Sanskrit root word 'aar' (आर्) which means 'to praise'. Hindus today use the word 'aarti' (आरती) which is now translated as 'prayer' but means 'praise'.

Unless one really wants to believe that the Oracle of Pythos (now called Delphi) was named after the decomposed rot of a dead serpent, a serious study of the work of some scholars (like Col. James Tod, Edward Pococke, Sir William Jones, Helena Blavatsky etc.), who up until now are regarded at best representatives of alternative history only because it does not suit the thought processes or indeed the biases of mainstream historians, must be undertaken. It is true that their work has not been cross-examined and substantiated, but neither are the myths that are concocted and produced as collateral evidence for what is accepted as mainstream history.

Suggested Links:
1. Bibliotheca Classica by J. Lempriere
2 The Delphi Sanctuary
3. Sharda Peeth, Kashmir

Monday, 14 April 2014


Edward Pococke dedicates an entire chapter in his classic work 'India in Greece' to the great exodus of the Kashmiris in antiquity some 2500 years ago, and their settlement in Greece which was at that time known as 'Pesasagus' or 'Hella-des'. Considering that there are places named Parthia, Pandosia, Gitanae and also Dassereti, Rhamnous and Sitia on the map of ancient Greece, Pococke may not have been so off the mark. Pococke only discussed the influence of the tribes of Kuru-Pandu on Greece, but the names above seem to indicate that the Ramayana was not unheard of either!

In his research historian Pococke had reached a definitive conclusion that the map of Greece (Hella-des) was a replication of Kashmir and its adjoining areas. He states thus,"... the province of Cashmere and its neighbourhood, and its tribes and its Mahabharatian history are transported to Hela-Nova (Greece), with almost the faithfulness of a lithographic transfer from one material to another."

Pococke adds that 30 miles south of the Greek mountain To-Maros (whose name he said was a corruption of the Sanskrit Su-Meru) are situated the people of Cassiopaei. The Cassiopaei, he said, are the Cashyapa or Kashyapa tribe of Kashmir who had migrated from y-Elumyo-tis or the land of the river Yelum or Jhelum. This observation, he said, was supported by the most authentic historical document that was ever produced in north-India - the 'Rajatarangini'.

The Su-Meros, Pambur-des and Doda flanking Kashmir on the east is replicated by To-Meros, Pambo-tis and Dodon in the Epirius region of Greece. On the western slopes of the Pindus range of Greece is mirrored forth the Mattan region of Kashmir. The name Mattan has changed to 'Metan-Astae' or '
Meteon' in Greek and means 'the people of Mattan' - a distortion of Matan-Vasti, vasti (वसति) meaning 'dwellers' in Sanskrit.

The Mattan of Kashmir too was also not always known as Mattan, it was known as Martand, for the majestic Sun Temple located there - 'martand' (मार्तण्ड) meaning 'sun'.

Since the time when the temple was built some 2500 years ago, the emigration of the Kashmiris from this tableland has rendered it for the most part a waste. Though Martand is devoid of any natural streams or irrigation, yet its alluvial soil is one of the most fertile anywhere in the world, suggesting and proving what the Nilmut Purana which chronicles the ancient history of Kashmir says, 
that the region of Martand and indeed Kashmir itself, was once submerged in the Kashyapa Lake.

The 'Martand'  Sun Temple, also called the
Temple ' of Kashmir at Mattan
is 2500 years old and was dedicated to the
Sun God and to the Pandavas

Charles von Hugel's, an Austrian noble man and explorer had this to say about the Temple of Martand, "The whole character of the building like that of the enclosing colonnade is massive, simple, and severe, yet in excellent taste'.

Adds Francis Younghusband, “Martand has a very high place in the world's great architectural designs. It is an example of not only the Kashmiri architectural skill but it has pride of having been set up at a fine spot which is prettier than the spots where Parthinan, Taj Mahal, St. Peters have been built. It can be considered either a representative of all such great buildings and monuments or a combination and sum total of all the qualities. It gives an insight into the greatness of the people of Kashmir...."
An artist's conception of the
Martand Temple in Anantnag, Kashmir

Stone carvings of Vedic Gods
on the Martand walls, Kashmir.

 Edward Pococke adds, "The pandits of Kashmir call the temple the 'Kaurau Pandau' and as the name reveals attribute it to the Kauravas and Pandavas of the great Mahabharata". Such was the glory of Martand, that the emigrants from Kashmir who took the Vedic culture to new lands such as Greece not only named Metanastae, also called Meteon after it, they named the mountains overlooking Metanastae as 'Pindus' and the most important city in Metanastae as 'Pandosia' after the Kaurau-Pandav temple of Kashmir.

The Pindus mountain range of Greece
is said to be named after 'Pandavas' of Mahabharata
and the region of Meteonaste or Meteon after
Martand and Mattan of Kashmir.
Source: 'India in Greece' by Edward Pococke.
There are many who have written off Edward Pococke's work as that of runaway imagination. But it does make one stop and think. For example in the map above one sees the name 'Dassereth'. That was the name of the father of Sri Rama, the Hindu god-King of India. How did that name get on the map of ancient Greece! And yes, the name Dasserth also appears in Jordon as 'Dushares' at the Temple of Petra. For a look click here. 

Then there is Parthini and Parthos. 'Partha' was the name of 'Arjuna' - one of the protagonists of Mahabharata. There are also two ancient towns, by the names 'Rhamnous', which is in the region of Attica and  'Sitia' which is located on the Sea of Crete. There is also a 'Gitanae', and so on. 

The list is long. All these names and no link to India? Difficult to believe!

Thursday, 10 April 2014


The word Scandinavia is said to originate from the Sanskrit Skanda-Nabh, the name of a Vedic rishi or sage. James Tod writes in his 'Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan' that the greatest community of Scandinavia was Shiva Vanshi Yadhus. There are many words and names that have appeared in Icelandic which have their source in Sanskrit and a lot has been written about them.

Here is a look at just one name - 'Reykjavik', the capital and the largest city of Iceland. The name 'Reykjavik' translates as 'Bay of Smoke' from Icelandic, where 'reykja' means 'smoke' and 'vik' means 'bay'. 'Reykjavik' is pronounced as 'rekyavik'.

In Sanskrit, the word for 'smoke' is 'RijIka' (ऋजीक). That explains the first part of the word. The 'vik' in the name 'Reykjavik' may be a corruption of the Sanskrit 'velika' (वेलिका) which means 'maritime country' or a 'country or land located on the sea-shore' and 'velA' (वेला) means 'seashore'. The Icelandic 'vik' meaning 'bay' seems to be a corruption of 'velika' with a dropped syllable. 

From the Sanskrit point of view, the entire country is a 'velika', i.e 'a maritime country' with many habitations on the sea coast.

One of the major rivers in Iceland is the Hvita, which means 'white' in Icelandic. It probably has the same source as the English 'white' which is the Sanskrit 'shveta' (श्वेत), though most etymological dictionaries trace its source to the Proto Indo European 'kweit'. But then PIE is a language constructed by reverse engineering, and its existence therefore is not even conjecture.

There are many words in Icelandic which are derived from Sanskrit, such as 'mjuoor' (honey) from Sanskrit 'madhu' (मधु), 'vermour' (warm) from Sanskrit 'gharma' (घर्म) etc. In his book, 'India in Greece', Edward Pococke reiterates the view of Col. Tod that the Skanda-Nabhi of India, a seafaring warrior group settled in what is today known as Scandinavia. 'Skanda', also known as 'Kartikeya' is the Vedic god of war and Scandinavia gets its name from 'Skanda' himself.

Suggested Links:

Monday, 7 April 2014


Mainstream science writes off 'Vaimanika Shastra' - the ancient 'vimana-science Sanskrit treatise' as unauthentic. But mainstream science has too much at stake to ever accept the truths of the ancient world. With every passing day, new facts have emerged that make it evident that the history of the world is much longer and far more richer than what the powers who control the polities of the world, information and technology, can ever accept. 

The Vaimanika Shastra is just one of the clues that lead researchers to believe that the vimanas of yore must have been a reality. But there's more.

Srirangam, also known as Thiruvarangam in Tamil Nadu, is an island and a part of the city of Tiruchirapalli in India. Srirangam is famous for its Sri Ranganatha Swamy Temple, a major pilgrimage destination for Hindus and the largest temple complex in India. This temple is known to be mentioned in the Vedas. According to Vedas, the adornment on top of the main temple tower, of Srirangam temple is believed to have come out of the ocean of milk, one of the oceans mentioned in the Ramayana. The adornment on top of the temple is known as the 'vimana'! And this is what it looks like:

Side view of the Sri Rangam Vimana

Front view of the Sri Rangam Vimana

Another view of the 'vimana' at Srirangam.

The history of the temple goes back to antiquity. The story goes that Brahma handed over the vimana to Sri Gardua, a bird-like creature, to fly the vimana and deliver it to Sri Rama in Ayodhya. It is believed that Sri Garuda carried the vimana, and flew to Ayodhya. But it may well have been that 'Garuda' flew the vimana to Ayodhya. That seems more likely!

Sri Garuda, the bird-like creature, it is believed,
carried the vimana to Ayodhya. It is likely
that he 'flew' the vimana.
Photo Courtesy:

Lord Vishnu appears at the entrance of the 'vimana'.

The mainstream explanation is that the word 'vimana' indicates a particular style of architecture!! However, in Sanskrit there is only one meaning of 'vimana' (विमान), and that is 'aeroplane', or a 'flying object'.
There are other important temples in India that have 'vimana' adornments on top of their main towers which are called 'gopuram'. 

There is a legend attached to the 'vimana' at the Tirumala Tirupat Temple. During the 8000 yugas (the equivalent of a day and night for Brahma, the Creator), there was a raging fire, and everything on Earth was reduced to ashes. Sri Vishnu rescued the earth by taking the avatar of Adi Varaha. Adi Varaha commanded his vehicle, Garuda, to fetch Kridachala, a 'vimana' embedded with gold from Vaikuntam. And it is said that Sri Vishnu then stayed under the 'vimana' at the same spot where the Tirumala Tiruput stands today.
The 'vimana' at Tirupati Tirumala
Andhra Pradesh, India
Sketches of 'vimanas' from Sanskrit text 'Vaimanika Shastra':

Rukma Vimana
Rukma (रुक्म) means 'gold'

Shakuna Vimana
Shakuna (शकुन) means 'omen'.
It also means 'bird' in Sanskrit

Tuesday, 1 April 2014


In Vedic Cosmology Mount Meru (मेरु), also called Sumeru (सुमेरु), meaning 'excellent Meru',  is a sacred mountain with five peaks. It is considered to be the center of all the physical, metaphysical and spiritual universes. Determining its location is difficult. The Suryasiddhanta, an ancient doctrine of Vedic astronomy, mentions that Mt. Meru lies at 'bhugol-madya' (भूगोल - मध्य) which means at 'the middle of the earth'. 

The Suryasiddhanta indicates that Meru, does not mean a mountain at all, and refers instead to the earth's axis, with Sumeru (सुमेरु) as the northern tip of the axis, Meru at the centre of the earth, and Kumeru (कुमेरु)  at the southern tip. In Ayurveda the 'spinal cord' is known as 'meru-danda' (मेरु-दण्ड) - 'meru' meaning 'spinal' or 'central', and 'danda' meaning 'rod', hence, the axis of the body. In popular discussions though though Meru is translated as 'Divine Mountain'. 

Around the world too, the word Meru is associated with 'mountain peak', though the name 'Meru' also emerges in the name of ancient civilizations and pyramids.

The names of the Rivers of Babylon
have been traced to  Sanskrit Su-Bharata (Euphrates)
and 'Vyagra' (Tigris)

Sumerian civilization : It is said that the Sumerian civilization gets its name from the Akkadian name 'Shumer' but 'Shumer' only represents a certain 'geographical area', the phonological development of the Akkadian term 'sumeru' is unknown. The Hebrew 'Shinar' is also some-times cited as the source of the name Sumer but 'Shinar' is again a Biblical geographical locale of uncertain boundaries in Mesopotamia. There is no commentary on the genesis of the word 'sumeru'. Hence, it is more than likely that the name Sumerian is associated with the Sanskrit 'meru'.

Meroe: Meroe is an ancient city on the east bank of the Nile in Sudan extending into present day Ethiopia. This city was the capital of the Kingdom of Cush from 530 BC to AD 350. Its location along the middle of the Nile and the connection to many major river systems such as the Niger aided with the production of pottery and iron allowed for the rise in power of its people. 

The Pyramids of Kerma, in Meroe, Sudan
Pococke traces the name 'Kerma' 
to Sanskrit 'Karma'

So how did the city of Meroe emerge in Sudan/Ethiopia. Genesis 10:6 states "The country Cush (Ethiopia and part of Sudan) was named after the man Cush, the first son of Ham, son of Noah" - (Genesis 10:6). Cush was the name of the King who ruled what was then known as the kingdom of Cush or Kush. Ancient Ethiopia was also known as Nabha or Nubia.

Ancient Indian texts trace predecessors of Lord Rama, who ruled India from the city of Ayodhya to Manu, the first man. Lord Rama had two sons, Kusha (Cush) and Lava. And Kusha had a great-great grandson called Nabhas
The name Ham may then have been a distortion of the name Ram(a).

Here is a quote from Abbe Dubois book 'India'. Dubois (1765-1848) was a French missionary in India who failed in his efforts to bring the Brahmins of India to adopt Christianity as their faith. Dubois quoted Greek historian Lucius Flavius Philostratus who died in 250 AD. In his works Philostratus had stated, "Ethiopians were originally an Indian race, compelled to leave India for the impurity contracted by slaying a certain monarch to whom they owed allegiance." 

The Calmet's Dictionary of the Holy Bible states that "Western Ethiopians were emigrants; and they migrated from near the river Indus....." Vol. 4, page 60. No. DXXIV.

Edward Pococke states in India in Greece, "Meroe was indebted for its civilisation to India."

Tanzania too has a mountain by the name of Mt. Meru, the second highest peak after Mt. Kiliminjaro.

Mt. Meru, Tanzania, is located at Arusha National Park.
Arusha (अरूष) means 'sun' in Sanskrit

Suggested Links:
Calmet's Dictionary of the Holy Bible