Monday, 14 October 2013

REMNANTS OF ANCIENT VISHNU TEMPLE AT HUMAYUN TOMB SITE, NEW DELHI

A photo reproduced from page 78-79 of 'The World of Ancient India' shows that the site where the Humayun Tomb stands today was the site of an ancient Vishnu Temple. The book 'World of Ancient India' is a translation of Dr. Gustave Le Bon's original French work by the name 'Les Monuments de L'Inde' published in Paris in 1893. The English Translation was published by David Macrae, Tudor Publishing Co., (New York) in 1974.

'Vishnu Pada' (विष्णुपद) or 'Vishnu Charan' (विष्णुचरण) temples are significant in context of the legend that Vishnu in the form of Vamana strode across the world and planted his feet at three sites on earth.

Dr. Gustave Le Bon Here is the photograph of the Vishnu footprint slab from Dr. Gustave le Bon's book. The slab had survived at least until 1893 at the Humayun Tomb site. The photograph was captioned in the French version and then translated into English in 'The World of Ancient India' as 'Vishnu's Footprints at Humayun Tomb'.

Vishnu's Footprints photographed at the Humayun Tomb
by Le Bon for his book 'Les Monuments de L'Inde'


Above is the caption from the English version of Le Bon's book
titled  'The World of Ancient India'

There are other indications that the Humayun Tomb was constructed by the Moghuls on the site of an ancient Hindu temple.


Ancient Temple Pillars were used as construction material.
A view of Humayun Tomb's rampart.

Another view of the pillars taken from destructed Hindu Temples
and used for construction of Humayun Tomb. In the background

is a section of a typical Moghul fortress wall at the Isa Khan Tomb
within the Humayun Tomb Complex.

Notice the 'elephant head' engravings at the bottom of the pillar -
a characteristic of Vedic and Hindu art.


A closer view of a less eroded
'elephant head' engraving.



Ancient Temple Pillars were used as construction  material at Humayun Tomb.
Notice that the pillars were placed upside down in this 'canopy structure' 

by the artisans in Moghul times.

.

The white quartz structure which is a remnant of the ancient temple
is far more eroded than the red-sandstone rectangular structure dating to
Moghul times. Sandstone erodes faster than quartz. The fact that the sandstone piece is in better shape than the quartz structure proves that the quartz pillars

are much older than the sandstone piece.


Eroded engravings on Temple Pillars which were used for construction
of tomb of Isa Khan at the Humayun Tomb Complex indicates that they belong to a different era.
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