Friday, 15 March 2013

POR BAJIN, SIBERIA - THE SRI KRISHNA CONNECTION

About a hundred years ago an archaeological site by the name 'Por-Bajin', also spelled 'Por Bayzn' was discovered in the Tere-Kol Lake, located across the Altai Mountain Range in Tuva, Southern Siberia. The secret of the fort at Tere Kol lake in Por Bajin has never been solved. But the answer to some questions may lie in the name 'Por Bajin' itself, and in the name of a city mentioned in the annals of ancient Indian history and literature.

Lt. Col James Tod, the Political Agent of the East India Company, who was stationed in India in the latter part of the eighteenth century, having befriended the Maharaja of Jaisalmer, gained access to the ancient annals of Rajasthan and western India that had been handed down to the Maharaja from his ancestors. James Tod researched the ancient literature and in 1790 summarized his findings in 'Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan'*, which is now regarded as one of the major works that the British produced during their reign in India.

What James Tod wrote reveals interesting information about ancient India. In his study Tod found that the 'Yadhu Tribe', of whom Sri Krishna was the most prominent member, and his three sons, spread the Yadhu empire  westward and also up north beyond the geographical boundaries of present day India. One of the cities that was conquered by the Yadhu tribe was Vajra-pur 
(वज्र-पुर्), later called Bajra-pur. The city was known to have been surrounded by a lake.

As per various ancient Indian sources, Sri Krishna's son Pradyamna is known to have extended the Yadhu Empire north of what is present day India. He had attacked the city of Vajrapura and defeated King Vajranabha. Later a truce was called and Pradyamna married the king's daughter Prabhavati. The poetic versions of this war say that Pradyumna is transported by geese to a land far far away. 

Is it possible that 'Por-Bajin' is a distortion of 'Pur-Bajra'  - or 'Bajra Pur' in reverse. As mentioned above, the more correct sound 'Vajra', is co
mmonly pronounced 'Bajra'. In Sanskrit, 'Vajra' (वज्र) means 'impenetrable', 'Pur' (पुर्) means a city. Archaeologists at 'Por Bajin' have described the structure as an almost 'impenetrable fortress'. In the local 'Tuvan' language 'Por Bajin' translates as 'Clay House' which does not describe the features of the foundation at all. In fact, the Sanskrit 'Vajra Pur' is a much more apt word for describing an 'impenetrable fortress'.


The Por-Bajin Structure at 'Tere Kol Lake', Siberia
Could this have been Lord Krishna's City Vajra-Pur
or Bajra-Pur mentioned in ancient Indian annals.

Now a look at the name of the lake - Tere-Kol. 'Kul' (कूल) is Sanskrit for 'lake', 'pond' or 'pool'. 'Teer' (तीर) is Sanskrit for 'shore' or 'bank' of a river, or the 'edge' of a pool or lake.

Until now, the archaeologists have dated Por-Bajin site to only 8th century AD, but have not been able to figure out much else about it. Is 'Por Bajin' the Yadhu city that was established by Sri Krishna's sons in Southern Siberia? Could it be that traces of the city of the Yadhus still exist somewhere deep among the ruins of 'Por-Bajin'?

A look at ancient Dwarka, the city from where Sri Krishna ruled and was built prior to Bajra-Pur, may reveal the answer. Dwarka located off the coast of Gujarat is now submerged. What is uncanny though is the close resemblance of the foundation structure of Dwarka to that of Por Bajin.


An artists conception of Sri Krishna's city
of 'Dwarka' based on descriptions in Hindu texts.
The city is now being explored by marine archaeologists off the coast of Gujarat in India.

Aerial views of Por Bajin are almost identical to that of the description of Dwarka in Indian scriptures. Though artifacts found at Por Bajin have been currently dated to no earlier than  medieval times, and though they reveal some links to China, but it is also evident that if there were links to the Yadhu tribe of India, then the medieval structures that exist today at the site were constructed above or on top of  what was built by the Yadhus in about 3000- 4000 BC. However, the foundations must even today be the same as that of the earliest structure.

The name Siberia, it is said, originates from the Tatar-Bashkirs word for 'sleeping land' (Sibir) or 'beautiful land' (Siber).
 'Siberia' translates as 'the beautiful land' from Sanskrit. In Sanskrit 'Su' (सु) means 'good' or 'beautiful' and 'Pura' (पुरा), 'Puri' (पुरी) or 'puram' (पुरम) all mean 'land' or 'city'. These is widely accepted in the Indian circles.


Others have contended that 'Sibir' (शिबिर) means 'camp'. Archaeologists have conjectured that, in antiquity, Por-Bajin was possibly used only as a summer residence, or a camp, given the extreme weather conditions of Siberia. Some have therefore contended  that the name of Siberia in ancient Indian texts is 'Shibir', in reference to the temporary 'camps' that were set up there by travelers, but this view is not accepted for lack of authenticity.

Some consider Por Bajin stronghold to be a temple and call it 'Russian Shaolin'. Others believe that this construction serves as the northern gates to sacred place Shambala.

Suggested Links
*Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan' (published- 1829 AD) by Lt. Col. James Todd of East India Company.
1. Lake Baikal and Angara River, Siberia - The Sanskrit Connection
2. Dwarka or Por Bajin
3. Yoni Worship in Siberia

4. Por Bajin - Fortress of Solitude
5. Pradyua
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