Saturday, 28 July 2012


Large structures involving carved megalithic stones are a typical feature of Nevali Cori and Gobekli Tepe. Both these ancient sites are located in Turkey. Roughly 10,000 years old, Nevali Cori is the megalithic site from where the artefact of the 'Vedic Priest with a 'Shikha' (a tuft of hair growing from the crown) was excavated in 1993. 

Vedic Priest with 'shikha' - a tuft of
hair growing from the crown
of the head. Sculpture excavated
at Nevali Cori- a site dated to
older than 8000 BC
One of the striking features of Nevali Cori is that by design, it houses not circular, but rectangular structures. Unlike Goebekli Tepe where the T-shaped structures are arranged in circles, Nevali Cori is by foundation, rectangular in its pattern and design.

Taking that as the lead or a clue to its name, lets look at a cognate of Nevali Cori in Sanskrit. Nevali Cori may be a distortion of 'Na-Valay-Akriti' or "Na-Valay-Akrit'.

'Na' () as in 'Not'. 'Valay' (वलय) is Sanskrit for 'Bracelet-like or Circular'. 'Akriti' (आकृति) is 'shape' or 'design'. Nevali-Cori may be 'Na-Valayakrit' (न-वलयीकृत) which means 'Not shaped like a bracelet or not-circular '.

Nevali Cori is said to be closest in design to Kalasasaya Temple [Sanskrit: Kala (Time) + Sasaya (Good Wish or to be desired)]. Kalasasaya Temple is also rectangular in shape.

Nevali Cori may also be a distortion of the Sanskrit 'naval' (नवल) meaning 'new' and 'akriti' (आकृति) meaning 'shape' or 'design' and could be a reference to an architectural design which was new and different from what was prevalent at the time.

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