Friday, 13 July 2012


The Usumacinta River in South Mexico is another river of the great Mayan civilization.

The waters of the Usumacinta are always warm. There in lies the Sanskrit connection. In Sanskrit 'Usuna' (उष्ण) means Warm. And in Sanskrit 'Chita' (चित्) means 'behaviour', appearance or temperament'.

A close translation of 'Usumacinta' from Sanskrit would be 'Warm Tempered' - which describes the river appropriately.

The Usumacinta passes along numerous Mayan ruins, including the partially restored city of Yaxchilán, (pronounced Yaksha-shilan).

Amongst the ruins of Yaxchilan are sculptures of stone guards . Yaksha (यक्ष) in Sanskrit is the word for 'heavenly guards or heavenly spirits'.

Chilan which is pronounced Shilan or shila (शिला), means "stone" in Sanskrit. Yaxachilan is then just the distorted form the Sanskrit 'Yakshashila'.

Yaxachilan town is also called Pa' Chan by the locals. Pa' Chan means stones in the local Mayan Quechua language. Amazingly 'pashaan' (पाषाण) also means 'stone' in Sanskrit.

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