Monday, 16 July 2012

OLLANTAYTAMBO: :ANCIENT TOWN OF PERU - THE SANSKRIT CONNECTION

Ollantay-tambo is an ancient town located on the intersection of River Urubamba and Patakancha in Peru. The rivers itself bear names that are pure Sanskrit. 'Urubamba' is a slight distortion of the Sanskrit 'Urviamba (उर्वी-अम्बा) which means 'Earth Mother'. But 'Patakancha' (पात-कंचन) is pure Sanskrit, no distortions. In Sanskrit 'Patakancha' means 'Falling Gold' or 'Flowing Gold) River.

Here is a look at the name the name Ollantay-Tambo. The valley mountain walls of the Ollantaytambo Town are extensively covered with agricultural terraces. Though the ancient South American (including pre-Incan, pre-Mayan & pre-Aztec) civilizations, practiced terrace farming extending from the villages of Chihuaahua to Chile, no where did the art of agricultural terrace farming reach the excellence that it did at Ollantay-tambo, where, the terraces were built to a standard higher than any other town.

Could it be then that, Ollantay town derives its name from the Sanskrit word for word 'terrace'. In Sanskrit the word 'alinda' (आलिन्द) or 'allindaka' (अलिन्दक) both mean 'terrace' or 'balcony'. Note here that 'Tambo' was added to the name Ollantay later at the time  when the Tambo Incan tribe captured Ollantay.

The Terraces of Ollantay-Tambo
'Alinda' means 'Terrace' in Sanskrit
In Sanskrit, the root word 'aaling' (आलिङ्ग्) means to 'encircle', 'embrace' 'clasp' or 'extend'. Since terraces or balconies are 'attached extensions', in the noun form the verb 'aaling' changes to 'aalinda' in Sanskrit. It also means 'hanging from'.

In the ancient Native American language of Aimara, also called Aymara, 'Ullan-tavi' means 'looking down from'. Could this be a distorted variation of 'looking down from a height or terrace', which closely relates to the Sanskrit 'aalindak'.

Scholars have discussed the links between Sanskrit and languages of Native Americans. In, fact like Sanskrit, Aymara is also highly structured and its grammar is known for its computer like precision.
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