Thursday, 28 July 2011

ETYMOLOGY OF WORDS AND SANSKRIT

'Read' is derived from the Middle English word “reden” which means to advise. “Reden” is originally derived from Sanskrit 'ridhnoti' (ऋध्नोति) - root word 'rdh' (ऋध्) which means ‘succeed', 'accomplish' or 'to figure out' - hence 'read'.

'Write' is derived from the Sanskrit 'rekha' (रेखा) & 'lekha' (लेखा) - both meaning 'scratch' or 'imprint'.

The English word 'death' is derived from Old Norse 'dauthi', originally from Sanskrit dehant (देहान्त), 'deh' (देह) meaning 'body'+ 'anta' (अन्त) meaning 'end', hence 'end of the body'.

The English word 'swear' meaning oath, is derived from Old English 'swerian' which means ‘oath’, originally from Sanskrit 'svara' (स्वर) & 'svaran' (स्वरण) meaning 'clear voiced'.

"Clash" originates from Sanskrit ‘kleish’ (क्लेश). Other Sanskrit  wordsthat are related are 'kleshaka' (क्लेशक) - 'giving pain' or 'kleshala' (क्लेशल) which means 'pain'.

'Tune' and 'tone' are derived from Sanskrit 'dhva' (ध्वन्) which means 'sound'.The Hindi 'dhun' is also derived from 'dhvan'.

The word 'bend' was used in Old English as 'bend a bow to string it'. Bend is derived from Sanskrit 'badhnati' (बध्नाति) root word (बन्ध्) meaning ‘to tie’.

The word 'string' is derived from the Sanskrit 'SutraTantu' (सूत्रतन्तु) meaning String. Another word for String in Sanskrit is 'tantri' (तन्त्री).


White is derived from Sanskrit 'shweta' (श्वेत) meaning 'white' or 'bright'.

The word 'instrument' is derived from French 'instruere' meaning 'arrange'. 'Arrange' itself is from Sanskrit 'arachayati' (आरचयति). 


'Mana' (मन) means 'mind' and 'tra' (त्र) means protection. Hence the word 'mantra' (मन्त्र) - that doctrine or instrument which protects the mind. 

'Tantra' (तन्त्र) means 'that which protects the body' where 'tana' (तन्) means 'body'. These two words have been assimilated into English with no changes.

The English word 'core' comes from Sanskrit word
'kroda' (क्रोडः) which means 'heart or center of something'.

The word 'tenet' meaning 'principle' 'or that which holds true' is derived from the Sanskrit 'tantra' (तन्त्र) meaning 'doctrine'.

The word 'me' is derived from Sanskrit 'mam' (मम) meaning 'I'. Like the Bengali 'aami'.

'Your' is derived from Sanskrit 'yushmak' (युष्माक) and 'they' from Sanskrit 'tey' (ते) with the same meaning .

'River' is derived from Latin 'riparia', which means 'bank' or 'shore', originally from Sanskrit 'paravar' (पारावार) meaning 'both banks'. The other variation is 'par-apar' (पार–अपार) meaning, ‘this side and the other side’.

'Stream' is derived from Old German 'stroum', originally from Sanskrit 'sravati' (स्रवति) which means 'flows’. Other related Sanskrit words are 'srotyaah' (स्रोत्या) & 'struti' (स्रुति). Both the words have the same meaning which is 'stream'.

The English word 'sign' has its origins in Sanskrit 'chinha' (चिह्न) meaning 'mark'.

And the English word 'mark' originates from the Sanskrit 'marya' (मर्या) which again means 'mark'.
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